maple syrup

See also Refined sugar

  • Maple syrup is not a raw food. It is sugar that has been processed from the sap of maple trees.
  • There are a many types of maple trees, but the most suitable for this industry are sugar maple, red maple and black maple.
  • To over-winter the trees store starch mainly in their roots. In the spring they draw in huge volumes of water and convert the starch to sugar which is released into the sap.
  • The sap runs up inside the tree in the spring. Generally more sap is produced by the trees after a cold winter. This has been a problem in recent years, as the winters haven't been cold enough. This scarcity has pushed the prices up. It also explains why you will find all kinds of darkened runny sugars in little maple syrup look-alike bottles on the supermarket shelves, especially in the run up to pancake day.
  • Maple sap is collected from maple trees by running a tap into the tree and either attaching a line leading off to a collection point, or by placing a bucket underneath to collect it directly.
  • The sap is mostly water. It is boiled to remove most of the water. This may be done in a modern processing plant as in "How Maple Syrup is Made", or by a more traditional approach using a wood burning stove as in "Sugar Camp". The processing is essentially the same.
  • It takes about 50 volume of sap to yield one volume of maple syrup by evaporating the water off.
  • The syrup is then filtered and hot packed into storage drums.
  • Later, It is reheated so that it can be hot packed into retail sized containers.
  • Maple sap is about 2% sugar. So if you concentrate it 50 times you end up with nearly 100% sugar (sucrose) allowing for some minerals.

Links

  • Once the sap has been boiled down it is sent through a pressure filter to remove the solidified minerals, called sugar sand. The syrup is then packed into 55-gallon drums for storage. When packed into retail containers the syrup is reheated to 190F
  • http://www.branonmaple.com
  • Redheaded grandmother Angele Grenier doesn't look much like a criminal, but she is one of Canada's most wanted women.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk
  • When enough sap is collected for the day it is transferred to the evaporator where it is boiled and concentrated by removing huge volumes of water.
  • http://www.welchsmaple.com
maple syrup

maple syrup