lemon (Citrus limon)

  • The lemon is a sour tasting fruit from a sub tropical citrus tree.
  • It cannot easily be successfully grown in the UK for culinary purposes, but it is sometimes grown indoors or in warm areas mainly for its ornamental or novelty value. However, Bob Duncan seems to have managed it in Canada so check out his video clip.
  • Lemons are used extensively in many recipes throughout the world. Two things you should never run out of in your kitchen are lemons and garlic.
  • Consider using limes, or a mixture of limes and lemons instead of just lemons. For many recipes limes make for a better tasting result.
  • Lemon juice is used extensively in raw food recipes, for its zingy taste. To make a recipe really tasty use all the five main taste senses that are on the tongue. These are sweet, sour, spicy, bitter and salty. Add some lemon juice to provide the sour component.
  • A glass of water with a few drops of fresh lemon juice makes for a good first thing in the morning drink. It's both re-hydrating and cleansing. If this is the only tip you get from the entire website, this will benefit you!
  • Lemon juice also slows down the oxidation process, for example it helps stop apple pieces turning brown too quickly.
  • When you are dehydrating fruits like apples or bananas to make fruit snacks, a neat tip is to spray them with lemon water solution to make them tasty and stop them going brown. See the "Natural Fruit Chips" video clip.
  • Commercially available lemons may have been sprayed with pesticides, and then chemically waxed to preserve them during transportation. It is particularly important to wash them well if the skin is going to be used. Generally it is probably better to use organic lemons.
  • Organic lemons would be a better bet if the skin is going to be used and generally they taste better, but they don't have such a long shelf life and go mouldy quicker.
  • Lemon zest is obtained from the outer outer skin of the lemon by finely grating it. You can get very fine graters which do a good job of this. Lemon zest is used in many raw food recipes.
  • Citrus fruits were imported from all over the world into the markets in London. Some of the history of London is captured in the nursery rhyme "Oranges and Lemons". See the video clip.