brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa)

  • The brazil nut tree is a tall wild tree of the Amazon. The tree can be up to 50 metres tall and live to over a thousand years!
  • The nuts grow within a round outer shell, containing anything from about 12 to 25 nuts.
  • Each nut can be cracked open to reveal the nutty kernel.
  • When the nuts are ready it is the round outer shell containing all the nuts, that drops from the tree and rolls on the ground.
  • The agouti is an important animal for distributing these nuts. Its chisel like teeth can cut through the outer shell to get at some of the nuts. It also hides some of them as a future food supply. Inevitably some of these are forgotten and are left to grow into new trees.
  • In areas where the brazil nuts are completely harvested, there are not enough young trees growing to eventually replace the existing ones.
  • Brazil nuts make a delicious, nutritious nut milk.
  • They are a good source of the mineral selenium.

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brazil nuts

brazil nuts

brazil nuts (without shells)

brazil nuts (without shells)